This article is about the umbrella term yoga which includes religion, philosophy, and practices.
For one of the six Hindu philosophy schools, see Yoga (philosophy).
All further developments of the sense of this word are post-Vedic.More prosaic moods such as "exertion", "endeavour", "zeal", and "diligence" are also found in Indian epic poetry.There are very many compound words containing yoga in Sanskrit.Yoga can take on meanings such as "connection", "contact", "union", "method", "application", "addition" and "performance". For example, guṇáyoga means "contact with a cord"; chakráyoga has a medical sense of "applying a splint or similar instrument by means of pulleys (in case of dislocation of the thigh)"; chandráyoga has the astronomical sense of "conjunction of the moon with a constellation"; puṃyoga is a grammatical term expressing "connection or relation with a man", etc.Thus, bhaktiyoga means "devoted attachment" in the monotheistic Bhakti movement.
The term kriyāyoga has a grammatical sense, meaning "connection with a verb".
But the same compound is also given a technical meaning in the Yoga Sutras (2.1), designating the "practical" aspects of the philosophy, i.e.
the "union with the supreme" due to performance of duties in everyday life The ultimate goal of Yoga is moksha (liberation), although the exact definition of what form this takes depends on the philosophical or theological system with which it is conjugated.
According to Jacobsen, "Yoga has five principal meanings: White clarifies that the last principle relates to legendary goals of "yogi practice", different from practical goals of "yoga practice," as they are viewed in South Asian thought and practice since the beginning of the Common Era, in the various Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain philosophical schools.
The term "yoga" has been applied to a variety of practices and methods, including Jain and Buddhist practices.
In Hinduism these include Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Karma Yoga, Laya Yoga and Hatha Yoga.